Torsion springs deliver a twist or rotational force and are used in various mechanisms, from a clothespin's clasp to a garage door's operation. Understanding torsion spring design as an engineer is important for creating effective mechanisms and maintaining safety. Incorrectly designed torsion springs can cause instability in systems like automobile suspensions, affecting the vehicle's safety and performance. Spring design does not just concern mechanisms, it also carries real-world implications. The goal here is to give you the necessary resources for understanding torsion spring design in depth.
Textbooks and Handbooks
Here is a set of resources pertaining to torsion spring design:
Mechanical Springs by A.M. Wahl : This textbook explores various spring designs, including torsion springs. It outlines certain safety considerations, like the choice of torsion spring materials to prevent corrosion, which can reduce the working life span of a spring.
Spring Design Manual by Harold Carlson : This manual provides a practical orientation into the principles of spring design. A topic covered tackles the yield strength tradeoffs, a concept described by how lower yield strengths lead to increased deformability. This concept is demonstrated in applications that require high spring deflection, but results in less load-bearing capability for the spring.
Spring Manufacturing Handbook by H. Saeed Mir : This handbook provides wide-ranging information on various spring types, design approaches, and manufacturing techniques. The majority of the manufacturing processes explored are relevant to high-volume spring production, but understanding these concepts is useful for spring designers since the foundational principles can apply to other scenarios, including low-volume or custom spring designs.
Helpful Websites and Calculators
Engineers utilize several digital tools when developing torsion springs. Some online tools that are available at no cost include:
Newcomb Spring's Springulator: This tool aids in calculations related to torsion spring design. It allows computation of the suitable spring constant for high-torque applications, which can mitigate the potential for material stress.
Spring-i-pedia's Spring Engineering Resource: This is an extensive information source on varied types of springs. Engineers faced with distinctive load conditions can consult this site to comprehend relevant formula derivations for their individual scenario.
The Spring Store's Torsion Spring Calculator: A tool that readily provides vital parameters for spring design in accordance with user input specifications. For instance, this tool is useful for torsion spring design for an operation that involves high frequency, such as an electric clock mechanism, by assisting in determining the suitable spring size and material for durability in high-frequency cycles.
Cooperating with manufacturers can supply hands-on experience and knowledge of the field. These professionals can provide assistance in spring design and selection. The following are some torsion spring manufacturers:
Acxess Spring: Acxess focuses on custom spring production. They have a spring calculator available on their website that is designed to aid engineers with their designs. Specifically, it provides calculations for determining the spring rate, which is a factor in determining the load needed for a spring to extend. Using this calculator can help to mitigate issues such as assembly failures or spring breaks.
Lee Spring: Lee Spring supplies both standard and bespoke spring solutions. Their seasoned engineers are on hand to provide advice about design specifications. If an application requires continuous angular rotation, the engineers at Lee Spring can propose the most suitable double-torsion spring design and materials based on the requirements of the application.
Century Spring: Century Spring holds a wide variety of torsion springs. They offer a detailed spring selection guide to assist with selection from their vast product offerings. This guide is created to help engineers select the correct spring, by considering the design parameters and anticipated performance traits.
Torsion springs play a role in many mechanical systems. The resources we mentioned -- including textbooks, handbooks, websites, and calculators -- provide useful data for creating effective spring designs. Forming relationships with skilled manufacturers can assist in developing design skills and results. Regardless of your torsion spring design needs, the offered resources simplify the process, aiding successful results.